Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: In Othello by William Shakespeare, the character of Iago portrays the essence of jealousy and manipulation.
- Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: He so badly wants the lieutenancy held by Michael Cassio that he will stop at nothing to obtain it.
- He will lie and manipulate many people, including Cassio himself. All just to accomplish his own goals
- Concluding sentence: Iago’s display of these evil qualities proves that he is a manipulative fiend who is willing ruin anyone’s life in order to get what he wants.
- Topic sentence: Othello by William Shakespeare Iago is only interested in his own pursuits, not the welfare of others because of his constant manipulation of others.
- Claim 1: Iago is a two-faced demon who manipulates people to help him pursue his own agenda by appearing to want to assist other people.
- Set-up- Iago learns that Cassio does not respond well to alcohol. He then persuades Cassio to drink wine, knowing Cassio will be easily angered in his drunken state. This will allow him to be easily persuaded to Iago's motives and he will not even know what he is doing.
- Evidence: After Cassio starts a inebriated brawl that night, Iago speaks to him, “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to help you in your place again”(Shakespeare 2.3.337-339).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Iago tells Cassio to plead to Desdemona to be returned to his position. If Desdemona advocates for Cassio, Iago will create the illusion of Desdemona and Cassio being lovers to Othello. He will make Othello suspicious of why Desdemona is pleading for Cassio to be returned to the position of lieutenant. This will make Othello lost his trust for Desdemona and will make Othello very angry with Cassio.
- Counterclaim 1: However, some may argue that Iago really is being helpful.
- Set-up- Iago does give Cassio advice on how to re-attain his lost lieutenancy. Cassio believes he is being honestly helpful. Iago does appear as an extreme manipulator. But, maybe he does want Cassio to regain his lieutenancy.
- Evidence: After the conversation between Iago and Cassio, Cassio says, “Good night, honest Iago”(Shakespeare, 2.3.355)
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Iago really is being honest. He does want Cassio to spend more time with Desdemona. He may not be doing it just for his own agenda.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?: At first glance, one might think that Iago is honestly trying to be helpful towards others. This position seems reasonable because Iago constantly offers his help to others. But it's more complicated than that, Iago only wears the mask of a person with good intentions in order to reach his own goals. He appears to want to help, but in essence he only manipulates people. Iago has the ability to pit people against each other by lying to them.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea: Shakespeare's Othello perfectly displays the qualities of jealousy and manipulation through the character of Iago who is a manipulative fiend, willing to do anything to anybody in order to get what he wants.