Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Zach Wiegert Othello Act 4 summary response

Summary Response Outline: Othello Act 4

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Act 4 of Othello, by William Shakespeare depicts how anger without evidence can destroy relationships.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: Iago is back to his schemes. But now, it’s getting more dire. He has convinced Othello that his wife, Desdemona, is cheating on him with Othello’s lieutenant, Cassio. Othello is livid with rage.
  • Concluding sentence: Shakespeare’s Othello continues to show how anger and jealousy cause major issues in relationships.
Response:
  • Topic sentence: Othello, written by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how anger without evidence tears apart relationships.
  • Claim 1: Othello is reacting to quickly and without enough thought.
    • Set-up- Iago continues to be master of manipulation. At this point, he has planted the thought of Desdemona being unfaithful in the mind of Othello. Othello’s anger is unimaginable. He has threatened Desdemona and already has plans for her demise. All of this even though he still has no solid proof that she has been adulterous
    • Evidence: After Othello has overheard a conversation between Cassio and Iago that leads him to believe that Desdemona has cheated, Iago suggests that he strangles her in bed. Othello agrees. Iago: “Strangle her in bed, even the bed she hath contaminated.” Othello: “Good, good. The justice of it pleases! Very good!” (Shakespeare 4.1.57-58)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Originally, Othello asked Iago for poison that he could kill Desdemona with. Iago is saying that poison is too good for her and that she should be strangled instead. Othello agrees to this without any debate.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, one may argue that Othello’s anger is warranted and that he does seek evidence of Desdemona’s disloyalty.
    • Set-up- When Iago first mentions to Othello the notion of his being cheated on, Othello becomes extremely angry. He even begins to act threateningly toward Iago, saying that he will do him harm if he cannot bring proof.
    • Evidence: *note: The quote I want to use is one I only remember from the movie. I scoured the book and could not find it. So, this quote is likely not an actual quote. Only something similar to what Othello said.
    • Lead-in- After being told that Desdemona may be cheating on him with Cassio, Othello takes on furious anger, saying something to the effect of,
    • “Proof! I want proof damn you!” (   Shakespeare, 4.?.?    )
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim- In this statement, Othello does indeed seek proof of his wife’s betrayal. He begs Iago for information. He so badly wishes it not true that he will harm Iago if he doesn’t show him the truth. This is proof that Othello is seeking evidence. He doesn’t completely blow off any sense that what Iago said may not be true.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, one could see the relativity of this claim. It’s easy to understand how someone would think that Othello attempts to find evidence of his wife’s disloyalty. He definitely does demand for it. The fact is, Othello fails to follow through. He doesn’t wait for proof. Sure, he later observes the conversation about the handkerchief he gave Desdemona and how it ended up in the hands of Cassio. This might have seemed like proof to him and to the readers. However, Othello proceeds to lash out verbally and physically at his “beloved” wife without even consulting her about what he’d been told by Iago. If he had done this, it could’ve saved their relationship from deteriorating to the point of murderous thoughts. Othello overreacted. He asked for evidence but didn’t wait for it. He is allowing himself to be Iago’s vessel and in doing so, he is tearing himself apart from the love of his life.
  • Concluding sentence: Shakespeare’s Othello portrays how anger, jealousy, and a lack of enthusiasm for seeking out truth can destroy relationships.


Friday, September 18, 2015

Zach Wiegert Colin Lewis Othello S/R Act 2

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: In Othello by William Shakespeare, the character of Iago portrays the essence of jealousy and manipulation.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: He so badly wants the lieutenancy held by Michael Cassio that he will stop at nothing to obtain it.
  • He will lie and manipulate many people, including Cassio himself. All just to accomplish his own goals
  • Concluding sentence: Iago’s display of these evil qualities proves that he is a manipulative fiend who is willing ruin anyone’s life in order to get what he wants.


Response:

  • Topic sentence: Othello by William Shakespeare Iago is only interested in his own pursuits, not the welfare of others because of his constant manipulation of others.
  • Claim 1:  Iago is a two-faced demon who manipulates people to help him pursue his own agenda by appearing to want to assist other people.
    • Set-up- Iago learns that Cassio does not respond well to alcohol. He then persuades Cassio to drink wine, knowing Cassio will be easily angered in his drunken state. This will allow him to be easily persuaded to Iago's motives and he will not even know what he is doing.
    • Evidence: After Cassio starts a inebriated brawl that night, Iago speaks to him, “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to help you in your place again”(Shakespeare 2.3.337-339).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Iago tells Cassio to plead to Desdemona to be returned to his position. If Desdemona advocates for Cassio, Iago will create the illusion of Desdemona and Cassio being lovers to Othello. He will make Othello suspicious of why Desdemona is pleading for Cassio to be returned to the position of lieutenant. This will make Othello lost his trust for Desdemona and will make Othello very angry with Cassio.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, some may argue that Iago really is being helpful.
  • Set-up- Iago does give Cassio advice on how to re-attain his lost lieutenancy. Cassio believes he is being honestly helpful. Iago does appear as an extreme manipulator. But, maybe he does want Cassio to regain his lieutenancy.
    • Evidence: After the conversation between Iago and Cassio, Cassio says,  “Good night, honest Iago”(Shakespeare, 2.3.355)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Iago really is being honest. He does want Cassio to spend more time with Desdemona. He may not be doing it just for his own agenda.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?: At first glance, one might think that Iago is honestly trying to be helpful towards others. This position seems reasonable because Iago constantly offers his help to others. But it's more complicated than that, Iago only wears the mask of a person with good intentions in order to reach his own goals. He appears to want to help, but in essence he only manipulates people. Iago has the ability to pit people against each other by lying to them.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea:  Shakespeare's Othello perfectly displays the qualities of jealousy and manipulation through the character of Iago who is a manipulative fiend, willing to do anything to anybody in order to get what he wants.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Zach Wiegert, Jordan Melvin Othello Act 1 S/R

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: William Shakespeare’s, Othello presents the concept that jealousy controls other's desires.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas: Iago, wishes revenge upon Othello, because he has appointed Cassio to a rank Iago believes belongs to him, while Roderigo is jealous of Othello’s relationship with Desdemona.

Response:
  • Topic sentence:  Othello, written by William Shakespeare, portrays how jealousy and a desire for revenge fuel our choices.
  • Claim 1: Roderigo show this jealousy through his hatred of Othello’s relationship with Desdemona.
    • Set-up- Roderigo is so envious of the love between Desdemona and Othello that he would rather kill Othello than have him continue to cause Roderigo emotional torment.
    • Evidence: Lead-in While speaking with Iago about how they feel about Othello and some of the choices he has made, he exclaims, “By heaven, I rather would have been his hangman.”(Shakespeare, 1.1.36)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim  Roderigo is saying that he wishes he could’ve killed Othello rather than him taking Desdemona as his wife. This proves his immense jealousy of Othello and how Roderigo wishes to enact revenge upon him.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, Even though Roderigo is so jealous of Othello he has a desire to kill him, we can also see that Roderigo does have second thoughts about getting revenge.
    • Set-up To get back at Othello, Roderigo and Iago wake Brabantio and tell him that his daughter, Desdemona has escaped his house and is now with Othello. While speaking to Brabantio, Roderigo begins to have second doubts and Iago speaks for him.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  Roderigo does not speak as strongly and aggressively as Iago, who shouts things at Brabantio like “... you’ll have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse. You’ll have have your nephews neigh to you. You’ll have coursers for cousins and gennets for germans.” (Shakespeare 125-127)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Iago speaking for Roderigo shows that he is not jealous as he says he is. His second doubts show that he is somewhat willing to forgive Othello for taking Desdemona from him.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?: A common view is that Roderigo’s second thoughts about the murder of Othello disprove his jealousy. We cannot deny that this conclusion has some merit to it. Maybe his second thoughts really did lessen his envy.This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point.  Jealousy to that extent doesn’t just go away. If one desires to kill someone else over an issue, that is jealousy that cannot be easily undone. Second thoughts can’t help that. It cannot be denied Roderigo’s envy is overpowering.
Concluding sentence: Roderigo’s jealousy of Othello and Desdemona’s marriage proves that Shakespeare does show how envy and a desire for retribution do control our lives.

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Zach Wiegert, Josh Wiegman Summary Response for Bully Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, portrays the very real problem of bullying through the stories of it’s victims.
  • The stories show how terrible bullying really is. Some even prove that bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, the problem of bullying because It tells the awful stories of children victimized by it.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up- Bullying is an epidemic affecting many students in the United States as well as the world, and can lead to children feeling like they are not good enough
    • Evidence: Alex, a twelve year old boy tormented by bullies daily, said, “I feel like I belong somewhere else,”(Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex implies that because he doesn’t fit in, he doesn’t think he belongs at school, or maybe not anywhere. It's hard for him to make friends because of this. And without friends, a major support group is gone. This can lead to even more problems.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up-  However, many school officials believe that bullying is just kids being kids and rough-housing. They have even held meetings and assemblies about anti-bullying and have confronted bullies and their parents.
    • Evidence: Lead-in- One school administrator said that "Boys will be boys,"(Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim-
These boys are just horsing around calling each other names, and having some rough fun. Although some of these “bullies” might take it too far at times, many parents believe that their boys are just trying to connect with children that they don’t know, and so they are rough to try to see what the other kid is like.

A common view is that bullying is just a way that kids mess around with each other as friends. We cannot deny that sometimes this is the situation and that there really is no ill-intent. However, it can be much more severe than that. The stories of children like Tyler and Alex prove this. Alex said that he was starting to not feel anything anymore. Tyler committed suicide at the age of 17. Bullying is not a joke. It’s not just “boys being boys.” It's a very real issue that needs to be confronted on all stages. The fact that administrators blow it off is truly disgusting. It has to be stopped.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly bullying is a large scale problem that affects millions of children throughout the world. With the help of many people, it can be ended for good..

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Zach Wiegert. Josh Wiegman. Summary Response for Bully

Summary Response Outline


Summary:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, portrays the very real problem of bullying through the stories of it’s victims.
  • The stories show how terrible bullying really is. Some even prove that bullying can lead to self-hate, problems with families, and even suicide.


Response:
  • Topic sentence: title Bully, author directed by Lee Hirsch, strong verb , agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) the problem of bullying because It tells the awful stories of children victimized. .
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up- Bullying is an epidemic affecting many students in the United States as well as the world, and can lead to children feeling like they are not good enough
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “I feel like I belong somewhere else,”(Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex implies that because he doesn’t fit in, he doesn’t think he belongs at school, or maybe not anywhere.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up  However, many school officials believe that bullying is just kids being kids and rough-housing. They have even held meetings and assemblies about anti-bullying and have confronted bullies and their parents.
    • Evidence: Lead-in "Boys will be boys,"(Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim-
These boys are just horsing around calling each other names, and having some rough fun. Although some of these “bullies” might take it too far at times, many parents believe that their boys are just trying to connect with children that they don’t know, and so they are rough to try to see what the other kid is like.

A common view is that bullying is just a way that kids mess around with each other as friends. We cannot deny that sometimes this is the situation and that there really is no ill-intent. However, it can be much more severe than that. The stories of children like Tyler and Alex prove this. Alex said that he was starting to not feel anything anymore. Tyler committed suicide at the age of 17. Bullying is not a joke. It’s not just “boys being boys.”


  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Clearly bullying is a large scale problem that affects millions of children throughout the world. With the help of many people, bullying can be stopped.